UPMC Physician Resources

Archives for Heart & Vascular

UPMC Heart and Vascular Experts Present at the American Heart Association’s Annual Scientific Sessions

The UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute was well-represented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions in Anaheim, CA on Saturday, Nov. 11 – Wednesday, Nov. 15. Faculty research was presented in both oral and abstract presentations including:

Saturday, November 11, 2017

Session RESS.CVS.02 – Main Event: Outcomes of Cardiac Arrest Survivors With ICDs

Rehabilitation for Cardiac Arrest Survivors with ICDs

Presented by: Jon C. Rittenberger


Session RESS.CVS.06 – Main Event: Prognostication After Resuscitation

Prognostication After Major Trauma and TBI

Presented by: Lori A. Shutter


Sunday, November 12, 2017

Session SA.JS.783 – Innovation in Cardiac Surgery: From Imaginative Research to Transformative Clinical Therapy (AHA/The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Joint Session)

Should Bicuspid Valves Ever Be Repaired?

Presented by: Thomas Gleason


Session QU.APS.01 – Quality of Care: Acute and Chronic CAD

Predictors of Emergency Medical Personnel’s Decision to Transmit or Not to Transmit the Prehospital 12-Lead ECG of Patients With Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction

Presented by: Amber DeSantis, Parker Landis, Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton Callaway, Salah S Al-Zaiti


Session NR.APS.02 – Monitoring and ICDs: Patients With ACS and CABG

The Prevalence of Secondary Repolarization Abnormalities  Confounding the Electrocardiographic Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Ischemia in Patients Presenting With Chest Pain

Presented by: Diana Rivero, Mohammad Alhamaydeh, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton Callaway, Barbara Drew, Salah S Al-Zaiti


Time of Day and Day of Week Variations in Chest Pain Encounters at the Prehospital Setting

Presented by: Mohammad Alhamaydeh, Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton Callaway, Salah S Al-Zaiti

Incidence and Predictors of Delaying Seeking Emergent Medical Care Among Patients With Suspected Acute Coronary Syndrome

Presented by: Stephanie Frisch, Christian Martin-Gill, Mohammed Alrawashdeh, Clifton Callaway, Salah Al-Zaiti


Session CH.APS.01 – Fetal Cardiology

Fetal Hemodynamics Predict Postnatal Regional and Microstructural Brain Alterations in Complex Congenital Heart Disease

Presented by: Jodie K. Votava-Smith, Jay D. Pruetz, Nhu Tran, Vincent Lee, Hollie Lai, Vincent J. Schmithorst, Lisa B. Paquette, Ashok Panigrahy


Session CH.RFO.03 – Transitional Research in CHD

Altered Placental Bold Signal is Associated With Reduced Fetal Brain Functional Connectivity in Congenital Heart Disease

Presented by: Vidya Rajagopalan, Vincent K Lee, William Reynolds III, Alex El-Ali, Jenna Schabdach, Julia Wallace, Alexandria Zahner, Rafael Ceschin, Jodie Votava-Smith, Jacqueline Weinberg, Vincent J Schmithorst, Ashok Panigrahy


Session HF.APS.08 – Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies: General Topics IIII

Are Echocardiogram and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Comparable in Measuring Maximal Septal Thickness in Children With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)?

Presented by: Sonya Kirmani, Pamela K Woodard, Ling Shi, Charles E Canter, Steven D Colan, Elfriede Pahl, Jeffrey A Towbin, Steven A Webber, Joseph W Rossano, Melanie D Everitt, Kimberly M Molina, Paul F Kantor, John L Jefferies, Brian Feingold, Linda J Addonizio, Stephanie M Ware, Wendy K Chung, Jean A Ballweg, Teresa M Lee, Hiedy Razoky, Jason D Czachor, Fatima I Lunze, Edward Marcus, James D Wilkinson, Steven E Lipshultz


Session CH.RFO.03 – Translational Research in CHD

Identification of a Novel TPM1 Mutation in Congential Atrial Septal Defect With Autosomal Dominant Inheritance

Presented by: Polakit Teekakirikul, Wenjuan Zhu, Michael X Wang, Amanda M Smith, Honglan Gou, Abha Bais, Omar Khalifa, Maliha Zahid, Stephanie M Ware, Brian Feingold, Cecilia W Lo



Session IN.APS.05 – Percutaneous Non-Coronary Cardiac Intervention

Denovo Pulmonary Hypertension After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement is Associated With Higher Mortality – The Importance of Continued Assessment

Presented by: Joao L Cavalcante, Islam Abdelkarim, Jeffrey Xu, Michael Sharbaugh, Andrew D Althouse, Dustin Kliner, Ibrahim Sultan, Frederick Crock, Matthew E Harinstein, William E Katz, Joon S Lee, John T Schindler, Thomas G Gleason


Session RESS.AOS.11A – Oral Abstracts-Cardiac Arrest Epidemiology

Long-Term Outcomes Disparities in Survivors of Cardiac Arrest 

Presented by: Patrick J Coppler, Jonathan Elmer, Jon C Rittenberger, Clifton W Callaway, David J Wallace


Session Va.APS.01 – Latest in Pulmonary Embolism, Injury and Non Group 1 Pulmonary Hypertension

Effect of Remodulin in Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction (PH-HFpEF)

Presented by: Jian Hu, Ana L Mora, Mark T Gladwin, Yen-Chun Charly Lai


Monday, November 13, 2017

Session SA.APS.05 – Thoracic Aortic Surgery II

Characterization of Type B Acute Aortic Dissection Patients With Presenting Spinal Cord Ischemia

Presented by: Jonathan Silverberg, Thomas G Gleason, Maral Ouzounian, Reed E Pyeritz, Marek P Ehrlich, Takeyoshi Ota, Eduardo Bossone, Stuart Hutchison, Truls Myrmel, Mark D Peterson, Gilbert R Upchurch Jr, Daniel G Montgomery, Eric M Isselbacher, Christoph A Nienaber, Kim A Eagle, Himanshu J Patel


Session GE.APS.03 – Genetics and Genomics Using Big Data

GWAS Identifies GPC6 as a Novel Predictor of Arrhythmia in Heart Failure

Presented by: Haider Mehdi, Ryan L Boudreau, Rebecca Gutmann, Patrick Breheny, Gina M Morgan, Alexander M Greiner, Heather L Bloom, Alaa Shalaby, Raul Weiss, Samuel C Dudley, Samir Saba, Dennis M McNamara, Madhurmeet Singh, Steven A Lubitz, Patrick T Ellinor, Barry London



Session VA.AOS.1970 – Not Home Alone: Mechanistic Insights into Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

Proinflammatory Monocytes and Fibrotic Alveolar Macrophages Are Associated With Progression of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in a Primate Model of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Presented by: Finja Schweitzer, Rebecca Tarantelli, Marc Simon, Whitney Rabacal, Emily Rayens, Karen Norris


Session AT.APS.22 – Vascular Science and Hypertension: Experimental

Longitudinal Assessment of Hemodynamic Changes in a NonHuman Primate Model of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Presented by: Rebecca A Tarantelli, Marc A Simon, Rebecca Vanderpool, Ian Christman, Finja Schweitzer, Heather Kling, Toni Ann Zullo, Eoin J Carney, Brian Lopresti, Karen A Norris


Session HF.APS.18 – CHF/Cardiomyopathy: Novel Insights

NAT2 Genotype and Outcomes in the Genetic Sub-Study of the African American Heart Failure Trial (AHeFT)

Presented by: Barry E Bleske, Hao-Jie Zhu, Karen Hanley-Yanez, Indrani Halder, Dennis M McNamara


Session RESS.APS.03.07 – ReSS Poster Session Day 3, Section 07

Clinical Outcomes and Mortality Impact of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Patients With Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Presented by: Jason J Rose, Seyed M Nouraie, Marc C Gauthier, Anthony F Pizon, Melissa I Saul, Michael P Donahoe, Mark T Gladwin


Session RESS.APS.03.13 – ReSS Poster Session Day 3, Section 13

Hypothermic to Ischemic Ratio as a Predictor of Good Functional Outcome From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Amiodarone Lidocaine or Placebo Study

Presented by: Kelly N Sawyer, Andrew Humbert, Brian G Leroux, Graham Nichol, Peter J Kudenchuck, Mohamud R Daya, Brian Grunau, Henry E Wang, Joseph P Ornato, Jon C Rittenberger, Tom P Aufderheide, Lynn Wittwer, M Riccardo Colella, Michael Austin, Takahisa Kawano, Debra Egan, Neal Richmond, Veer D Vithalani, Damon Scales, Andrew J Baker, Laurie J Morrison, Michael C Kurz


Session RESS.APS.03.11 – ReSS Poster Session Day 3, Section 11

Times to Recovery in Individual Domains of the Cerebral Performance Category-Extended

Presented by: Katharyn L Flickinger, Melissa J Repine, Allison C Koller, Margo B Holm, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Clifton W Callaway, Jon C Rittenberger


Session RESS.APS.03.13 – ReSS Poster Session Day 3, Section 13

Delayed Left Atrial Decompression is Associated With Prolonged Duration of Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support: Results of a Multicenter Pediatric Interventional Cardiology Early Career Society (PICES) Study

Presented by: Jeffrey D. Zampi, Fares Alghanem, Sunkyung Yu, Ryan Callahan, Christopher L. Curzon, Jeffrey W. Delaney, Robert G. Gray, Carrie E. Herbert, Ryan A. Leahy, Ray Lowery, Sara K. Pasquali, Priti M. Patel, Diego Porras, Shabana Shahanavaz, Ravi R. Thiagarajan, Sara M. Trucco, Mariel E. Turner, Surendranath R. Veeran Reddy, Shawn C. West, Wendy Whiteside, Bryan H. Goldstein


Session RESS.AOS.14 – Dickinson W. Richards Memorial Lecture

Epidemiology of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Within the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium From 2011 to 2015: Improved Survival Though Site Differences Persist

Presented by: Dana M Zive, Robert Schmicker, Mohamud Daya, Peter Kudenchuk, Jon C Rittenberger, Tom Aufderheide, Gary Vilke, Jim Christenson, Jason Buick, Ken Kaila, Susanne J May, Thomas Rea, Laurie J Morrison


Session SA.CVS.762 – Hot Topics in Cardiovascular Surgery

Toward Precision/Molecular Medicine: Determinants of Surgical Decision Making in Bicuspid Valve Disease

Presented by: Thomas Gleason


Session LB.APS.09 – Clinical Risk Factors and Biomarkers in Risk Prediction

Evaluating the Diagnostic Accuracy of Clinical Risk Scores to Detect Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients Evaluated at the Emergency Department for a Chief Complaint of Chest Pain

Presented by: Ziad Faramand, Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton Callaway, Salah S Al-Zaiti


Session HF.APS.25 – New Insights into Heart Failure Biomarkers

Interaction of G-Protein Beta 3 Subunit (GNB3) and G-Protein Receptor Kinase 5 (GRK5) Genotypes Impacts Heart Failure Outcomes in African Americans

Presented by: Amber E Johnson, Karen Hanley-Yanez, Clyde W Yancy, Anne L Taylor, Arthur M Feldman, Dennis M McNamara


Session GE.APS.07 – Genomics of Cardiovascular Risk

Contribution of ABCA1 Genetic Variation to Plasma Lipid Levels in Non-Hispanic White Americans

Presented by: Vipavee Niemsiri, Xingbin Wang, Zaheda H Radwan, Dilek Pirim, Indrani Halder, Steven E Reis,  John E Hokanson, Richard F Hamman, M Michael Barmada, Eleanor Feingold, F Yesim Demirci, M Ilyas Kamboh


Session CH.APS.13 – Congenital Heart Disease and Pediatric Cardiology: General Topics

Impaired Pre-Operative Cerebral Autoregulation is Associated With Functional Brain Dysmaturation in Neonatal Congenital Heart Disease

Presented by: Jodie K Votava-Smith, Vincent J. Schmithorst, Nhu Tran, Sadaf Soleymani, Justin Abbott, Vincent Lee, Sylvia del Castillo, Hollie A. Lai, Lisa B. Paquette, Ashok Panigrahy


Session EA.RFO.04 – State of the Art: Topical Trial Results From Electrophysiology

Wealth Brings Health: Annual Income is Associated With Health-related Quality of Life in Atrial Fibrilation

Presented by: Emily N Guhl, Andrew D Althouse, Michael Sharbaugh, Courtney L Schlusser, Jared W Magnani  


Session HF.APS.16 – Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies: General Topics IV

Sex Differences and Outcomes of Heart Failure Admissions Stratified by Left Ventricle Ejection Fraction

Presented by: Ahmad Masri, Andrew D Althouse, Gavin Hickey, Jeffrey McKibben, Ravi Ramani, Michael Mathier, Joon Lee, Oscar Marroquin, Suresh Mulukutla


Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Session HF.APS.40 – Insights into CHF Risk Factors and Outcomes

Cytokine Elevations and Outcomes in Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

Presented by: Dennis M McNamara, Karen Hanley-Yanez, Penelope Morel, Charles McTiernan


Session HF.APS.33 – Novel Insights Into the Diagnosis and Prognosis of Cardiomyopathy and Heart Failure

Cellular Immune Activation and Breastfeeding in Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

Presented by: Agnes Koczo, Amy Marino, Arun Jeyabalan, Uri Elkayam, Leslie Cooper, James Fett, Charles McTiernan, Penelope Morel, Karen Hanley-Yanez, Dennis McNamara


Session: IM.CVS.732 – TAVR: Imaging Highlights

Echocardiography Assessment of Critical Aortic Stenosis prior to TAVR

Presented by: Joao L Cavalcante


Session ST.AOS.888 – Stroke Oral Abstracts

Biventricular Cardiac Dysfunction in Neurocardiac Injury Assessed by Strain Imaging is Associated With In Hospital Mortality in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Presented by: Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Masataka Sugahara, Nina E. Hasselberg, Eliabeth A. Crago, Theodore F. Lagattuta, Khalil Moh’d Yousef, Marilyn T. Hravnak, John Gorcsan III


Session IM.APS.19 – Echocardiography: Hypertension, Coronary Artery Disease, and Function

Biventricular Strain as a New Marker of Severity of Neurocardiac Injury in Patients With Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Presented by: Nobuyuki Kagiyama, Masataka Sugahara, Nina E. Hasselberg, Eliabeth A. Crago, Theodore F. Lagattuta, Khalil Moh’d Yousef, Marilyn Hravnak, John Gorcsan III


Session EP.RFO.42 – AHA’s Life Simple 7 and 2020 Goals

The AHA Life Simple 7: An Assessment Using the Behavorial Risk Factor Surveillance System 2011-2015

Presented by: Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Floyd W Thoma, Joon Sup Lee, Vince M Figueredo, Suresh R Mulukutla


Session CH.CVS.682 – VAD to Transplant: Challenges and Insights

Are we too sensitive? Challenges With managing the Sensitized Patient

Presented by: Brian Feingold


Session WS.APS.04 – Race, Sex, SES: Disparities in Cardiovascular Care

African-American Ethnicity, Risk Variables, Coronary Artery Disease, and Long-Term Prognosis in Women: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Sponsored Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation Study

Presented by: Pankaj Malhotra, Galen Cook-Wiens, Carl J Pepine, Eileen M Handberg, Steven E Reis, Nathaniel Reichek, Vera Bittner, Sheryl F Kelsey, Reddy Sailaja Marpuri, George Sopko, C Noel Bairey Merz

Thomas Gleason, MD discusses Type B Aortic Dissection at the 2017 Society for Thoracic Surgery Annual Meeting

Thomas Gleason, MD, Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery and Co-Director, UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute, hosted a panel discussion at the 2017 Society for Thoracic Surgery annual meeting in Houston, Texas, on the state of Type B Aortic Dissection including indications for intervention, device choices, and techniques from both European and US perspectives.
View the video here: Treating Type B Aortic Dissection: European and US Perspectives

Physicians and Researchers Present at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) 66th Annual Scientific Session

The UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute will be well-represented at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) 66th Annual Scientific Session in Washington, DC. Faculty research will be featured in both oral and poster presentations throughout the conference, including:


Friday, March 17

Session 1120: Novel Echocardiographic Methods for Assessing Cardiac Function

Racial Differences in Left Ventricular Recovery in Patients With Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Assessed by Global Longitudinal Strain

Presented by: Masataka Sugahara, Dennis McNamara, Joan Briller, Leslie Cooper, Julie Damp, Mark H. Drazner, James Fett, Eileen Hsich, Navin Rajagopalan, John Gorcsan


Session 1130: Innovations in Practice Management and Social Media

Formal CPR Status Policy and Process Increased Documentation Rates

Presented by: Joshua E. Levenson, Aken Desai, Karen Kelly, Emilie Prout, Joon Lee, Mark Schmidhofer, Winifred Teuteberg


Session 1149: Arrhythmias and Clinical EP: Devices 2

Persistent Gender Disparities in Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy

Presented by: Amber E. Johnson, Shubash Adhikari, Andrew Althouse, Floyd Thoma, Oscar Marroquin, Stephen Koscomb, Leslie Hausmann, Larissa Myaskovsky, Samir Saba


Session 1150: Arrhythmias and Clinical EP: AF Ablation

Characterization of Pulmonary Vein Reconnection Post Cryoballoon Ablation

Presented by: Shivang Shah, Wenjie Xu, Evan Adelstein, Andrew Voigt, Samir Saba, Sandeep Jain


Session 1157: Complex Coronary Intervention: Left Main/Bifurcations and Multivessel Disease

Multivessel Versus Culprit-Only PCI in Patients With Non-ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease: Results From the PROMETHEUS Study

Presented by: Birgit Vogel, Usman Baber, Samantha Sartori, Jaya Chandrasekhar, Serdar Farhan, Michela Faggioni, Sabato Sorrentino, Annapoorna Kini, William Weintraub, Sunil Rao, Samir Kapadia, Sandra Weiss, Craig Strauss, Catalin Toma, J. Muhlestein, Anthony C. DeFranco, Mark Effron, Stuart Keller, Brian Baker, Stuart Pocock, Timothy Henry, Roxana Mehran


Session 4101: Advanced heart Failure and VAD Therapy
Presented by: Jeffrey Teuteberg


Saturday, March 18

Session 904: Highlighted Original Research: Pulmonary Hypertension and Venous Thrombo-embolic Disease and the Year in Review

Simplified Measures of Right Ventricular and Atrial Remodeling Are Predictive of Outcomes in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension

Presented by: Masataka Sugahara, Keiko Ryo-Koriyama, Akiko Goda, Omar Batal, Marc Simon, John Gorcsan


Session 1196: Nuclear Cardiology: Beyond Perfusion

Regional Right Ventricular (RV) Function as Determined by Gated Blood Pool SPECT (GBPS) Provides Additive Value to Evaluation of Patients Undergoing Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) Implantation

Presented by: Christopher B. Link, Aditi Nayak, Robert Kormos, Marc Simon, Jeffrey Teuteberg, Luigi Lagazzi, Andrew Althouse, Prem Soman


Session 1201: Advances in HCM, PPCM and Other Cardiomyopathies

Extended Course of Recovery in Patients With Peripartum Cardiomyopathy Assessed by Left Ventricular Wall Distensibility

Presented by: Masataka Sugahara, Dennis McNamara, Lori Blauwet, Rami Alharethi, Paul Mather, Kalgi Modi, Richard Sheppard, Vinay Thohan, Gretchen Wells, John Gorcsan


Session 669: Distinct Phenotypes in HFpEF: Beyond Ejection Fraction

669-03 – Diagnostic Evaluation of Patients with Dyspnea and Normal LVEF
Presented by: John Gorcsan


Session 1226: Put Your Codon! Genetic Insights Into Heart Failure

G-Protein Receptor Kinase 5 Polymorphisms and Outcomes in the African American Heart Failure Trial: Results From the Genetic Risk Assessment of Heart Failure in African-Americans Sub-Study

Presented by: Amber E. Johnson, Karen Hanley-Yanez, Clyde Yancy, Anne Taylor, Arthur Feldman, Dennis McNamara


Session 1242: Timely Topics in Acute Coronary Syndromes

Use of Potent P2y12 Inhibitors in African-American Patients Treated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Coronary Syndromes

Michela Faggioni, Usman Baber, Jaya Chandrasekhar, Birgit Vogel, Samantha Sartori, Melissa Aquino, Annapoorna Kini, William Weintraub, Samir Kapadia, Sandra Weiss, Craig Strauss, Clayton Snyder, Catalin Toma, J. Muhlestein, Anthony C. DeFranco, Mark B. Effron, Stuart Keller, Brian Baker, Stuart Pocock, Timothy Henry, Sunil Rao, Roxana Mehran


Session 1257: FIT Clinical Decision Making: Heart Failure and Pulmonary Hypertension

1257-408 / 408 – When the Liver Gets Sacked by the Heart Sac: A Diagnostic Challenge of Mixed Heart and Liver Pathology
Presented by: Ahmad Masri, John Gorcsan


Session 1245: New Technologies in Echocardiography

1245-219 / 219 – Assessment of Right Ventricular Energy Loss and Efficiency Using Novel Vector Flow Mapping

Presented by: Masataka Sugahara, Nina Hasselberg, Marc Simon, John Gorcsan


Session 1246: Nuclear Cardiology: Quality

Repeatability of Appropriateness Category Allocation by Trained Physicians

Presented by: Daniel Nguyen, Aditi Nayak, Christopher Pray, Christopher Link, Andrew Althouse, Prem Soman


Session 702: The Forgotten Chamber: The Right Ventricle in Heart Failure

RV Failure After LVAD: Predictable and Preventable?
Presented by: Jeffrey Teuteberg


Session 1235: Innovations in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment and Reduction

Ideal Cardiovascular Health Metrics in Couples: A Community-Based Population Study

Presented by: Oluremi Ajala, Sebhat Erqou, Claudia Bambs, Michael Sharbaugh, Andrew Althouse, Aryan Aiyer, Kevin Kip, Steven Reis


Session 1230: Predicting the Future: Observations and Discoveries From Registries and Databases

Pulmonary Vascular Resistance Predicts Mortality in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension

Presented by: Jonathan Wolfe, Gavin Hickey, Andrew Althouse, Michael Sharbaugh, Deepak Kumar Pasupula, Dustin Kliner, Michael Mathier, Prem Soman


Session 727: Aortic Stenosis: Overview of the Hemodynamics and Ventricular Response

Expanding the Diagnostic Toolbox for Aortic Stenosis
Presented by: João Cavalcante


Session 716: Pregnancy and Heart Disease

Peripartum Cardiomyopathy – Long term Outcomes and Management Options
Presented by: Dennis McNamara


Session 4103: Advanced Heart Failure and VAD Therapy
Presented by: Jeffrey Teuteberg


Sunday, March 19

Session 732: Nuclear Cardiology: Current Applications and Best Practices: Joint Symposium of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology and the American College of Cardiology

Nuclear Cardiology: Risk Stratification
Presented by: Prem Soman


Session 738: Controversies in Mitral Valve Surgery: Joint Symposium of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the American College of Cardiology

What to do if the left ventricle fails after mitral valve surgery
Presented by: Robert Kormos


Session 770: Great Debates in Cardiac MRI

Debate Con: Stress MRI is the Test of Choice for Ischemia Assessment
Presented by: Prem Soman


Session 4105: Advanced Heart Failure and VAD Therapy
Presented by: Jeffrey Teuteberg


Session 1274: The Challenges of Outcome Prediction in Valvular Heart Disease

Poor Agreement Between Transthoracic Echocardiography and Right Heart Catheterization for Assessment of Pulmonary Hypertension Severity: Clinical Applications in the TAVR Era

Presented by: Islam Abdelkarim, Jeffrey Xu, Michael Sharbaugh, Andrew Althouse, William Katz, Frederick Crock, Matthew Harinstein, Dustin Kliner, Forozan Navid, Joon Lee, John Schindler, Thomas Gleason, João Cavalcante


Session 1282: Advances in Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention

The Impact of Epicardial Collateral Use on the Outcomes of Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From a Contemporary Multicenter Registry

Presented by: Judit Karacsonyi, Khaldoon Alaswad, Farouc Jaffer, Robert Yeh, Dimitrios Karmpaliotis, Jeffrey Moses, Ajay Kirtane, Manish Parikh, Ziad Ali, David Kandzari, Nicholas Lembo, William Lombardi, R. Michael Wyman, Anthony Doing, Catalin Toma, James Choi, Mitul Patel, Ehtisham Mahmud, Barry Uretsky, Aris Karatasakis, Bavana Rangan, Imre Ungi, Craig Thompson, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil Brilakis


Session 1307M: Emerging Applications for Imaging Cardiac Amyloidosis: Nuclear Cardiology

Predictors of a Positive Technetium Pyrophosphate Scan in Patients With Suspected Cardiac Amyloidosis

Presented by: Ahmad Masri, Ricardo Nieves, Michael S. Sharbaugh, Andrew Althouse, William Follansbee, João Cavalcante, Prem Soman


Session 1221M: TAVR outcomes Prognostication

Prognostic Value of Right Ventricle-Pulmonary Artery Coupling in TAVR Patients: Time to Integrate the Right Side Unit

Presented by: João Cavalcante, Islam Abdelkarim, Michael Sharbaugh, Andrew Althouse, Jeffrey Xu, Wei Han, William Katz, Frederick Crock, Matthew Harinstein, Dustin Kliner, Forozan Navid, Joon Lee, John Schindler, Thomas Gleason


Session 769: Life After LVAD: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly

Right Ventricular Failure After LVAD
Presented by: Robert Kormos


Session 785: Radiation from Diagnostic Imaging: Risk-benefit Analysis
Panelist: Prem Soman

Genetic Test Helps Improve Outcomes in Heart Stent Patients

A genetic test recently implemented at UPMC Presbyterian can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular events by helping to identify more effective medication for some heart patients, according to the results of a large study conducted in part at the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC. The findings are being presented today at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

The test identifies a genetic deficiency that affects the body’s ability to activate clopidogrel, a common anti-clotting drug given after a coronary artery stent is inserted. About 30 percent of all patients have the genetic deficiency, which can lead to decreased clopidogrel effectiveness and increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events, such as strokes, heart attacks and death.

In the current study from the National Institutes of Health’s Implementing Genomics in Practice (IGNITE) Network, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy and other sites throughout the country analyzed medical outcomes in 1,815 patients who had genetic testing at the time of their cardiac procedure. The testing allows physicians to pinpoint the best anti-clotting medication for each patient.

The study reported significant results: About 60 percent of patients with the genetic deficiency were given a different, more effective medication. Using the genetic data to guide changes in therapy reduced the percentage of deaths, heart attacks or strokes by nearly half compared with those who continued taking clopidogrel, the researchers found. Among those who had the genetic deficiency and continued taking clopidogrel, 8 percent experienced one of those complications.

“We saw significantly fewer adverse events among patients who were switched to an alternative drug,” said Larisa Cavallari, PharmD, director of the Center for Pharmacogenomics at the University of Florida College of Pharmacy who led the multi-institutional study.

Earlier this year, UPMC Presbyterian became one of the first medical centers in the country to make this test available for patients as part of the PreCISE-Rx (Pharmacogenomics-guided Care to Improve the Safety and Effectiveness of Medications) initiative. Approximately 10 percent of the study population was analyzed by the team at Pitt and UPMC, one of the affiliates in the IGNITE Network.

“This study is a major step forward as it shows applying pharmacogenomics to achieve a precision medicine approach in cardiac stent patients can provide significant benefits,” said Philip Empey, PharmD, PhD, assistant professor of pharmacy and therapeutics at the Pitt School of Pharmacy and leader of the Pitt team.

PreCISE-Rx is a leading initiative of the Institute for Precision Medicine (IPM), a joint effort by UPMC and Pitt to move biomedical research into personalized well-being and clinical care.

“The success of PreCISE-Rx demonstrates that the IPM is well-positioned to dramatically improve the standard of care through precision medicine by taking advantage of the world-class clinical and research expertise in Pittsburgh,” said Adrian Lee, PhD, professor of pharmacology and chemical biology at Pitt, and director of the Women’s Cancer Research Center, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.

Other institutions that participated in the clopidogrel research were the University of North Carolina, the University of Maryland-Baltimore, the University of Alabama-Birmingham, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, the University of Illinois-Chicago, Indiana University-Indianapolis, Sanford Health, Duke University and the University of Pennsylvania.

Heart Failure Care Improving, but Hospitalizations on the Rise

Although hospitalizations have increased in recent years for patients with congestive heart failure, survival rates and length of stay have improved, according to new research from experts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute. The results, published in the journal Clinical Cardiology and presented Sunday at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, were based on more than 15 million US hospital admissions between 1996 and 2009 due to congestive heart failure.

The prevalence of heart failure is increasing in the US due to its aging population and significant advancements in management of associated co-morbidities, such as ischemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and hypertension. More than 5 million Americans are living with heart failure, and close to 500,000 patients are newly diagnosed each year.

Heart failure also is a common cause of hospital admissions, leading to significant costs for the nation’s health care system. A recent report from the American Heart Association estimated the annual direct and indirect costs associated with heart failure in the US at more than $30.7 billion. However, until this study, little was known about recent trends involving those admissions, including length of stay and in-hospital mortality.

“There has been significant progress in heart failure management over the past two decades, but more has to be done,” said Muhammad Bilal Munir, MD, clinical instructor of medicine in Pitt’s Division of General Internal Medicine and corresponding author of the study. “The number of hospitalizations has increased, identifying a need to implement heart failure quality measures stringently to reduce these admissions, therefore reducing heart failure-associated health care costs.”

The number of heart failure hospitalizations increased from 1,000,766 in 1996 to about 1,173,832 in 2009, according to study results. The mean length of stay fell from 6.07 days in 1996 to about 5.26 days in 2009, and inpatient mortality rates declined from 4.92 percent in 1996 to 3.41 percent in 2009.

Researchers say the findings likely reflect the changes in the management of heart failure across the country, which include numerous advances in care such as new drug therapies and sophisticated devices. Further efforts are needed to curb the cost of heart failure management, experts agreed, with a focus on reducing heart failure hospital admissions and readmissions, especially for patients with less severe symptoms who could be treated with aggressive outpatient management.

Additional study authors are Michael S. Sharbaugh, MPH; Floyd W. Thoma; Muhammad Umer Nisar, MD; Amir S. Kamran, MD; Andrew D. Althouse, PhD; and Samir Saba, MD, all from the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute.

UPMC Heart and Vascular Experts to Present at the American Heart Association’s Annual Scientific Sessions

The UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute will be well-represented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions in New Orleans on Saturday, Nov. 12 – Wednesday, Nov. 16. Faculty research will be presented in both oral and abstract presentations.

November 13, 2016

511 – The Role Of Exposure To Environmental Pollutants In Racial Disparity In Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Novel Markers

Presented by: Sebhat Erqou, Jane Clougherty, Steven Reis

553 – Population Based Characterization of the Definition, Prevalence and Associated Mortality of Pulmonary Hypertension in the Setting of Left Heart Disease

Presented by: Rebecca R. Vanderpool, Melissa I. Saul, Seyed Mehdi Nouraie, Mark T. Gladwin, Marc A. Simon

 S4127 / 4127 – Trends in Heart Failure Hospitalizations Using Data From National Hospital Discharge Survey

Presented by: Muhammad Bilal Munir, Michael S. Sharbaugh, Floyd W. Thoma, Muhammad Umer Nisar, Amir S. Kamran, Andrew D. Althouse, Samir Saba

Advances in Contrast Echocardiography, Molecular and Myocardial Imaging

S4217 / 4217 – Targeted Delivery of AntimiR-23a Using Ultrasound and Microbubbles Suppresses Cardiac Hypertrophy and Improves Cardiac Function in vivo

Presented by: Jonathan A Kopechek, Charles F. McTiernan, Xucai Chen, Rafey Feroze, Bin Qin, Jissy Cyriac, Linda Lavery, Daniel Whitehurst, Flordeliza S. Villanueva

Clinical Applications of Nuclear Cardiology

S4251 / 4251 – Assessment of Dyssynchrony as an Indicator of Right Ventricular Free Wall Function by Gated Blood Pool SPECT (GBPS) in Patients undergoing LVAD Implantation

Presented by: Aditi Nayak, Christopher B. Link, Andrew D. Althouse, Robert L. Kormos, Marc A. Simon, Jeffrey J. Teuteberg, Luigi G. Lagazzi, Prem Soman

November 14, 2016

Metabolic Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension

670 – Development of a Mouse Model of Metabolic Syndrome, Pulmonary Hypertension, and Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction (PH-HFpEF)

Presented by: Yen-Chun Lai, Qingqing Meng, Neil Kelly, Marta Bueno, Jeffery Baust, Timothy Bachman, Rebecca Vanderpool, Josiah Radder, Jian Hu, Alison Morris, Ana Mora, Mark T. Gladwin

Imaging the Mitral Valve and Strain Imaging

M5020 / 5020 – Vector Flow Mapping Quantification of Left Ventricular Energy Loss Occurring in Normal Subjects

Presented by: Masataka Sugahara, Zhi Qi, Tijmen Koopsen, Marc A. Simon, John Gorcsan lll

Imaging the Right Heart and the Left Ventricle in Mitral Regurgitation

M5027 / 5027 – Three Dimensional Echocardiographic Wall Motion Tracking Assessment of Right Ventricular Remodeling and Effects on Left Ventricular Function as Prognostic Predictors in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension

Presented by: Masataka Sugahara, Zhi Qi, Marc A. Simon, Michael A. Mathier, John Gorcsan lll

 Percutaneous Non-Coronary Cardiac Intervention (including Percutaneous Valves) III

M5078 / 5078 – Predictors of Mortality in Patients With Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Presented by: Ahmad Masri, Michael S. Sharbaugh, Andrew D. Althouse, Islam Abdelkarim, Wei Han, William E. Katz, Frederick Crock, Mathew Harinstein, Dustin E. Kliner, Forozan Navid, Thomas G. Gleason, Joon S. Lee, John T. Schindler, João L. Cavalcante

Percutaneous Non-Coronary Cardiac Intervention (including Percutaneous Valves) III

M5081 / 5081 – Prognostic Value of Baseline Right Ventricular Dysfunction in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Presented by: Islam Abdelkarim, Wei Han, Floyd Thoma, Andrew D Althouse, William E Katz, Frederick W Crock, Matthew E Harinstein, Dustin E Kliner, Forozan Navid, Thomas G Gleason, Joon S Lee, John T Schindler, João L Cavalcante

 Arrhythmia: Clinical Electrophysiology, Diagnosis and Risk Stratification V

M5186 / 5186 – Depression and 5-Year Stroke Risk in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

Presented by: Bruno B. Lima, Andrew D. Althouse, Muhammad B. Munir, Michael S. Sharbaugh, Bruce L. Rollman, Samir Saba


Treatment of Arrhythmias: ICD/Pacemaker – excluding CRT II

M5276 / 5276 – Reversible Cause of Sudden Cardiac Arrest and Rates of Defibrillator Implantation

Presented by: Adetola Ladejobi, Deepak Kumar Pasupula, Shantanu Patil, Shasank Rijal, Bilal Munir, Asad Durrani, Awais Javed, Max Wayne, Oluremi Ajala, Natasha A. Kassim, Shubash Adhikari, Samir Saba


Ventricular Function/Hemodynamics and Biomarkers III

M4257 / 4257 – Myocardial Fibrosis is Associated With Pulmonary Artery Pressure and Adverse Outcomes in Patients With Preserved Left Ventricular Systolic Function

Presented by: George Cater, Erik Schelbert, Marc A. Simon, Peter Kellman, Timothy Wong


November 15, 2016

Echocardiography in Clinical Syndromes: CAD, Stress Echo, Vascular Disease

Echocardiographic Radial and Circumferential Strain Follow-up Analysis of Neurocardiac Injury in Patients With Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Presented by: Zhi Qi, Masataka Sugahara, Elizabeth A. Crago, Yugang Chang, Theodore F. Lagattuta, Khalil Yousef, Robert M. Friedlander, Marilyn T. Hravnak, John Gorcsan III


Medical Aspects End Stage Heart Failure: Transplantation and Device Therapies IV

T4071 / 4071 – Critical Preoperative Factors and Specific Postoperative Adverse Events Drive Left Ventricular Assist Device Implant Hospitalization Costs

Presented by: Christine V. Nikas, Jennifer O. Larsen, Jeffrey J. Teuteberg, Luigi G. Lagazzi, Andrew D. Althouse, Michael S. Sharbaugh, Michael A. Shullo, Kathleen L. Lockard, Elizabeth M. Dunn, Nicole M. Kunz, Robert L. Kormos


770 – Heart Failure Admissions Under Observation versus Short Inpatient Stay: A Cohort Study

Presented by: Ahmad Masri, Andrew D. Althouse, Jeffrey McKibben, Floyd Thoma, Michael A. Mathier, Ravi Ramani, Jeffrey J. Teuteberg, Oscar C. Marroquin, Joon S. Lee, Suresh R. Mulukutla


VA.RFO.14 – Novel Insights into the Clinical Spectrum of PH and PAH

819 – Identification of a Pro-Hypertrophic Pathway With Chamber Specificity for the Right Ventricle; Implications for Right-Heart Dysfunction in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Presented by: Imad Al Ghouleh, Daniel Meijles, John Sembrat, Mauricio Rojas, Rebecca R. Vanderpool, Jeffrey Baust, Asma Naqvi, Patrick J. Pagano,


Determinants of Clinical Outcome in Pulmonary Artery Hypertension

T4261 / 4261 – Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS3) Asp298Glu Polymorphism and Survival in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Presented by: Andrew Klein, David Ishizawar, Karen Hanley-Yanez, Dennis M. McNamara


For more information, visit the event website.

UPMC First in Region to Use New Fully Dissolving Heart Stent

UPMC is the first hospital in western Pennsylvania to use Abbott’s fully dissolving Absorb GT1 Biodegradable Vascular Scaffold System (BVS), a first-of-its-kind device recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration. It functions by opening a blocked artery in the heart, restoring blood flow and providing relief from symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD). A 58-year-old woman with severe coronary artery disease was the first patient to receive the absorbable device Tuesday.

“We’re only at the beginning of understanding the potential benefits of this technology that could have long-lasting impacts for our patients,” said Catalin Toma, MD, assistant professor, Division of Cardiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and director for interventional cardiology research at the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute and one of the initial medical experts with access to the technology. “By resorbing in time, these implants allow for restoration of the vessel’s natural function without the restriction of the traditional metallic cage of the stent. This may have a positive effect on vessel healing for months and years to come.”

The most common type of heart disease, CAD occurs when arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked due to plaque buildup, leading to chest pain and shortness of breath, as well as an increased risk of heart attack. When patients present with heart attacks or chest discomfort due to plaque buildup, the obstruction is treated with metallic stents. Although this technology has been greatly improved in the past years, potential issues related to the permanent coronary implant may require additional procedures even many years after the initial operation.

Absorb GT1 BVS is made of naturally resorbable material that slowly disappears in about three years, leaving behind a restored vessel, free of a permanent implant. Metallic stents permanently restrict vessel movement, limiting future treatment options. Unrestricted vessels with restored function have the potential to flex, pulse and dilate in response to various demands on the heart, based on people’s lifestyle and activities, and allow for potential treatment options down the road. Similar to current generation drug-eluting stents, the BVS is coated with a drug that prevents the re-narrowing of the vessel over time.

The procedure is similar to regular coronary stenting intervention, which is performed by accessing the artery in the groin or wrist, and threading catheters to the coronary arteries. The blockage is first opened with an angioplasty balloon, followed by balloon-expandable scaffold implantation. While complex and hardened blockages are better served by regular metallic stents at this stage of the technology, the BVS could be beneficial for younger patients with their first CAD presentation, Dr. Toma noted.

UPMC Presbyterian Shadyside is one of the few centers in the US with experience in implanting the scaffolds. The hospital participated in the ABSORB III trial, which led to the recent FDA approval of the device, as well as the ABSORB IV trial, which compares the BVS to the top-performing current metallic stent technology.

The UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute is one of the world’s premier centers for comprehensive care, developing revolutionary devices and new models of treatment that improve the lives of those facing the most complex heart and vascular conditions.

Washington Health System and UPMC Announce Cardiac Surgery Partnership

A new partnership between Washington Health System (WHS) and the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute will expand cardiac services in the Washington, Pennsylvania, area. Cardiac surgery services at Washington Hospital will now be performed by surgeons from UPMC, who will collaborate alongside WHS-Cardiovascular Care physicians and nurse practitioners, as well as all of the cardiologists and medical staff who practice at WHS.

Effective this month, a team of cardiothoracic surgeons from the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute see patients in an office located at 125 N. Franklin Road, Suite 1-A, Washington, Pa., 15301. The office is in the same building as WHS-Cardiovascular Services.

“Washington Health System is committed to enhancing the quality of health care for patients in our service area,” said Paul Cullen, MD, vice president of medical affairs for WHS. “Having UPMC’s world class cardiac surgeons, right here in our community, will be beneficial to patients as well as WHS-affiliated medical providers. This partnership helps as we continue to strengthen our medical staff of over 200 primary care physicians and specialists and complements our ongoing efforts of collaborative care.”

Through the partnership, WHS is able to expand its cardiac service offerings to include the development of a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) program, other minimally invasive procedures, and the expansion of heart failure and valve disease detection and management programs.

“This partnership between WHS and UPMC for cardiovascular care markedly expands the capabilities at WHS to facilitate the delivery of state-of-the-art cardiac surgery and therapeutics to residents of Washington and Greene counties,” said Thomas Gleason, MD, chief of the UPMC Division of Cardiac Surgery and Ronald V. Pellegrini professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. “We look forward to jointly serving the patients in this region of western Pennsylvania.”

The cardiac surgery team at WHS includes Dr. Gleason; Chris Cook, MD, cardiac surgeon at the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute; Claudio Lima, MD, director of cardiovascular surgery at UPMC Mercy and assistant professor of surgery at Pitt; and Forozan Navid, MD, cardiac surgeon and clinical assistant professor of surgery at Pitt.

For more information, call 724-250-4310 or visit www.whs.org.

UPMC Receives Nation’s Top Ratings for Heart Surgery

UPMC has been awarded top quality ratings by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). The health system recently received the maximum “three star” rating for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures.

Based on a review of data that was compiled and publicly reported for the 2015 fiscal year, the score designates that UPMC is statistically better than the national average for this common cardiac procedure.

“We are very proud of the dedication displayed by our physicians and staff that led to consistently high quality across the board for CABG procedures as proven by these tremendous results,” said Thomas Gleason, MD, chief of the UPMC Division of Cardiac Surgery. “The UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute works hard to provide innovative cardiac care of the highest quality to patients throughout our system.”

The STS National Database was established to drive quality and safety improvements among cardiothoracic surgeons. It covers adult cardiac, general thoracic and congenital heart surgery.

The UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute is one of the world’s premier centers for comprehensive care, developing revolutionary devices and new models of treatment that improve the lives of those facing the most complex heart and vascular conditions.

Cholesterol Control and other Highlights from ACC 2016

The 2016 American College of Cardiology Conference was recently held in Chicago. One of the topics at this year’s conference was cholesterol control.

For many years, high cholesterol has been viewed as a potentially fatal condition. Now it may be slowly becoming a condition that is easier for doctors to manage thanks to new advances in medication and surgical options.

UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute’s Joon Sup Lee, MD sat down with MD Magazine and discussed highlights from the 2016 American College of Cardiology Conference.

Watch the video:

Joon Lee from UPMC: Advancements in Cholesterol Help Move Cardiology Forward

Page 1 of 7:1 2 3 4 »Last »